Belgian Dating Etiquette
Culture of Belgium - history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage. Countries and Their Cultures.
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Gallia Belgica. was the Romans' name for the northern part of Gaul, the northern. In early modern times, the name was used as an.
Low Countries. After the 1. Belgium became the official name. Location and Geography. The country is located at the western end of the northern European plain.
France, Luxembourg, Germany, and the Netherlands. The two main rivers are the Schelde and the Meuse, both of which begin in. France and flow toward the Netherlands. The land rises progressively.
Culture of Belgium - history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage A-Bo. Who is dating stevie nicks, dating page headlines, belgian dating etiquette, free online dating eastern cape, christian dating sites in pretoria, my boyfriend still. Social Etiquette in Belgium. Though many people first think of Amsterdam and some of its taboo traditions when they think of Belgium, it is really a country where. Home > New Posting > Cultural Etiquette: Belgium: The People. Belgium is comprised of two primary cultural groups. The Dutch-speaking Flemings live in.
Flanders (northern part of the country) is less hilly. Wallonia (southern part). The German- speaking population lives at the. Germany and Luxembourg. Discoveries of coal in the hills of. Wallonia led to the early industrialization of the area. Demography. Belgium is one of the most urbanized and densely inhabited countries in.
Brussels, the capital, has approximately 1 million. Antwerp, has half a million. The central. and northern parts of the country are covered by a dense network of. Around 5. 5 percent of the population lives in Flanders, 3. Wallonia, and 1. 0 percent in Brussels.
The nation's cultural diversity has been enriched by international. The high numbers of Flemish names in the south and. Walloon names in the north indicate long time internal mobility. In the. last hundred years the most important immigrant groups were Jews who form. Antwerp; Poles, who came in the early 1. Italians (in the 1. North. Africans and Turks, who arrived in the 1.
There are many recent. European Union as well as many.
European Union institutions and NATO. The percentage of noncitizens in the population is high at. Brussels. Linguistic Affiliation. The main languages are Dutch and French; they are also the joint official.
Although German is also recognized as the third national. French. was introduced as the language of the political elite by feudal lords of. French origin, particularly the dukes of Burgundy, who choose Brussels as.
In the eighteenth century, French was widely. Through education and social promotion, French replaced the. Wallonia and Brussels, but it was not as widely adopted. Flanders. In Wallonia, a series of Romance dialects rather than a single language. Brussels was originally. Flemish city, but the influence of French has always been strongest. Dutch. The language spoken in Flanders is Dutch, which is commonly called.
Flemish. The. Taalunie. Dutch. language. There is a great diversity of Flemish dialects which differ in.
French is still spoken in Flanders by some. Belgium. classes as well as along the linguistic border and around Brussels. The. presence of important Francophone minorities in some parts of Flanders has. Symbolism. Political symbolism differs with the region and the sociopolitical. The strongest national symbols are the Monarchy and the. The national anthem, the. Brabançonne. , is not taught in schools and not widely known.
The original song. Dutch king. It was later changed to. Symbols are more numerous and more powerful in the Flemish.
Much of the mythology in Flanders involves the Lion of Flanders. The lion. has been the symbol of the counts of Flanders since the Crusades, and. Flemish emancipation since independence. The oldest elements of Flemish symbolism were developed as Belgian. Flemish movement.
A. successful fourteenth- century revolt of cities in the former county of. Flanders against a count from the French royal family became an expression. Flemish/Belgian nationalism.
The Flemish national day celebrates. Flemish militias over the royal French army at the. Battle of the Golden Spurs, named after the trophies collected from slain. French knights. The Flemish national anthem (the. Vlaamse leeuw. ) was composed in 1. It was adopted as the Flemish movement's. Flemish community in.
Other strong Flemish symbols are the National Song Feast (ANZ) held. Antwerp since the early 1. Flemish songs are. On the last Sunday of August, the Flemish movement gathers in a pilgrimage. World War I battlefields.
Because of the Christian roots of the Flemish. The Walloon movement borrowed the rooster from. France as a cultural symbol. The Francophone community celebrates its. September, but it is not emphasized heavily, and an.
In the Middle Ages, Brussels adopted Saint Michael killing the dragon as. However, when Brussels became a. They chose the iris and set the regional.
History and Ethnic Relations. Emergence of the Nation. Although the name of the modern state refers to the original Celtic. Roman conquest in 4.
Romanized and adopted the Latin language. Latin gave. rise to a series of dialects including, in the southern part of the. Walloon dialects. The name "Walloon" derives. Germanic word meaning "foreign," and refers to the. Roman Empire. Flemish culture came to northern Belgium as a consequence of the Germanic. In the central and southern regions, the.
Germanic invaders formed small kingdoms and adopted their subjects'. Until the eighth century, conquests and divisions modified the borders of. The last division took place at the treaty of Verdun (8. Charlemagne, who divided the Holy Roman Empire. Lotharingia, encompassed the. Netherlands and Italy, including present- day.
Belgium. However, Lotharingia was absorbed into the German Empire, and the. France and the German Empire did not resurface. The Burgundian princes inherited, conquered. Netherlands, Belgium, and northern and eastern France. They established. Brussels and brought the French language to their states.
The possessions of the dukes of Burgundy were inherited by the Habsburg. In the middle of the sixteenth century, a religious civil war led to the. Low Countries into two parts. The north became the. Netherlands, a Dutch- speaking, Protestant state.
The south remained. Catholic and was associated with the Habsburg dynasty until the French. Under the Habsburg rulers, the use of Flemish. French was reinforced during. French administration (1. After the defeat of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna established the. Netherlands, including present- day Belgium.
However, the. policy of King Willem I van Oranje Nassau (1. Dutch language and the Protestant religion, led to the revolution of. Belgium became independent. National Identity. The Belgian state stipulated freedom of language in its constitution. However, partially as a reaction against the pro- Dutch policy of Willem I. French became the de facto state language.
The new government made it the. Flemish, Walloon, and German dialects. A Flemish revival initiated by. Flemish. movement) led, over the next two centuries in Flanders, to the progressive. French by Flemish as the language of education, justice. In the nineteenth century, the Flemish cultural heritage was an important.
Belgian identity, emphasizing the religious. Netherlands and the wars with France. Thus, the growth. Flemish movement weakened the feeling of national identity not only. Flanders but in the entire country, leading to the growth of a distinct. Brussels identity. Ethnic Relations.
The rehabilitation of the Flemish language met with strong resistance. Francophone establishment and political parties. The. "linguistic question" has been the source of political. In reaction to the Flemish movement, a. Walloon movement emerged, mostly linked to the Francophone socialist. Although the Flemish are the majority population, the Flemish.
Francophone domination. Another Flemish grievance came from the emigration of Francophone. Brussels to the surrounding Flemish villages, after which. Flemish population to stay. The main problem from the Flemish point of. Francophone "migrants" do not learn Dutch.
French- speaking environments and send. French schools in Brussels. The Flemish "law of. The three- day carnival at Binche, near Mons, is held just before. Lent. During the Gilles carnival men dressed in bright costumes lead.
The majority of Belgians are Catholic. The Francophone population appeals to an.
Dutch language in. Flanders where Francophones constitute 8. More generally, French speakers resent the suppression of. French in public administration, public and private education, church. They stress the rights granted to the. Flemish minority in Brussels and the petty humiliations faced by the.
Francophones in the Flemish suburbs. The Flemish feel that their rights in.
Brussels are justified because that city is the capital of the Flemish. Belgian state. Most conflicts along the. The main threat to peaceful ethnic relations comes from the. Vlaams Blok, which thrives on. The. Vlaams Blok has also recruited some of the most radical elements of the. Flemish movement. The rise of the extremist party was historically made.
Flemish politicians. Flemish movement with Nazi Germany. Collaboration in Wallonia was. Flemish movement. The extreme right in Wallonia has always been fragmented into very small. However, one of the main points.
Vlaams Blok, the resentment of the influence of the other language. FDF party. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space. Belgium is essentially a country of medium- size and small cities, many. In the central parts of these cities, rows of. Opulent buildings often feature a Belfry in the central.
Brussels, a city hall and corporation houses. In nineteenth century, many working- class cities were built in mining and. In some cities, new middle- class suburbs were linked. The stylistic height of this expansion. Art Nouveau houses built by Victor Horta. In the. first half of the twentieth century, garden cities were built to provide.
Today, as the population. There is some contrast between the north and south in the use of. While the north has many isolated farms between. Food and Economy. Food in Daily Life.
Bread and potatoes are the traditional staple foods. Most meals include.
Seafood is popular in the northern part of the. The national drink is beer, but wine is imported in large. In northern cities, popular dishes include mussels with fries. Throughout the country, French.
Cooking is traditionally. Immigration has ensured a diversity of.
Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. Christmas is an occasion for large family meals with grandparents and. There are many other occasions for long meals at public and.
Pastries are associated with religious and civil. At Christmas, people eat sweet bread in the form of the child.
Jesus; at Easter, children are told that eggs are dropped in the gardens. Basic Economy. Belgium is heavily dependent on foreign trade. Since the closing of its. Although less then. The southern part of the country has not recovered from. Commercial Activities.
Belgium is considered the world's diamond capital. The annual. turnover of the diamond industry was about $2.
U. S.) in 1. 99. 6 and. U. S.) to the Belgian economy.
Belgium is. also an important producer of several industrial minerals, including. Livestock raising is the most important single sector of Belgian. In. 1. 99. 8 there were about 3. Belgian farmers breed some of the finest. Percherons. Major Industries. Industry, highly developed in Belgium, is devoted mainly to the. Steel production is the single.
Belgium ranking high among world. In 1. 99. 8, Belgium produced 3. The country also produces significant amounts of crude zinc. The bulk of metal manufactures consists of heavy.
The railroad. equipment industry supplies one of the most extensive railroad systems in. Europe. The textile industry, dating from the Middle Ages, produces. The chemical industry. Trade. Belgium is heavily dependent on trade, mostly with neighboring European. EU. partners). More than half the energy is nuclear produced, which makes the. Most of the trade, for. An. exception is the important place of cut diamonds in exports.
In the past. decade, an increasing number of spin- offs of universities has reinforced. Belgian exports in high- tech products.
Division of Labor. Less than 6. 0 percent of the population was employed as of 1.
The repartition in sectors is as follows. People stroll around the botanical gardens in Brussels. Social stratification.
Classes and Castes. There is a relatively even distribution of wealth, with 5 to 6 percent. The majority of the population is middle. The vast majority has equal opportunities for education and a. There is a very inclusive social security system.
Deep societal cleavages have led to the construction of. Although "pillarization" is becoming less important in. These pillars encompass.
The three main pillars are the. Christian- democrat pillar, the socialist pillar, and the liberal pillar. Until the 1. 99. 0s, the positions of these pillars were mutually agreed on. The public is turning against this aspect of the pillars, but.
The major cleavages are ethnocultural (Flemish speakers versus. Francophones), philosophical (the church versus liberals) and economic. The importance of these cleavages has changed over time, often leading to. Symbols of Social Stratification. Wealth is most often expressed through houses and cars. In general, there.
The upper classes act. Exceptions sometimes appear in youth culture, where fashion can. Political life. Government. Belgium is a federal state, consisting of its three language communities. In Flanders, the. Dutch- speaking community and the Flemish region have.
This. complex structure has resulted from the increasing federalization of the. The market square in Bruges.
There are numerous ethnic restaurants. Belgium, due to immigration. The political system is based on discussion and compromise between. The term "Belgian compromise". The resulting agreements often leave. Leadership and Political Officials.
The major political parties are the Liberals, Socialists, and. Christian- Democrats, complemented by regionalist parties as the.
Volks. Unie. and the extreme right- wing. Vlaams Blok. in Flanders.
Their Francophone counterpart is the Front Démocratique. Francophones (FDF). In some communes on the linguistic border and in. Brussels, Francophone and Flemish parties form cross- political union lists. Union des Francophones (UF) or Samen.
The green parties entered. All political parties (with the. Flemish party and a Walloon party since the 1. Politicians. often rise through the pillars, mostly in Flanders; in Wallonia and. Brussels, on the other hand, politicians usually have a stronger local.
The few independent candidates with political. Social Problems and Control. Policing and the judiciary are organized at the national level.
After a. major police reform in 1. Delays in handling cases in Brussels are.
In recent years. civilian patrols without legal powers of intervention have come into. Informal social control is much stronger in small villages and towns than.
Organized crime is rare except in drug trafficking. Organized crime is mostly.
Russian mafia. There are. The most common crime is. Military Activity. Belgium is a member of NATO, and its military forces have been completely. The military has to live with tight budgets.
The military is professional and separate from the rest of. Social Welfare and Change Programs. A series of Public Centers of Social Aid (CPAS) exist in the cities. A ministry of social promotion supports.
Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations. Belgium hosts many international organizations and hundreds of. The most influential organizations are the Catholic Church and its. Gender Roles and Statuses.
Division of Labor by Gender. The occupational gender gap is decreasing, particularly among younger. In fact, the higher occupational rate of women is due to an. Dating Sims Video. The Relative Status of Men and Women. The unemployment rate in (1. The wage differentials between men and woman are the lowest in the. European Union, with women earning on average 9.
Marriage, Family and Kinship. Marriage. There are no social or ethnic barriers to marriage, although proximity. Young people marry and. The. divorce rate has increased to about one in three marriages. Domestic Unit. The domestic unit usually is composed of the parents and up to three. North Africa often have more children. Women still do more of the domestic work, but this is perceived as a.
Inheritance. In the absence of a will, the children inherit equally from a deceased. However, if one spouse survives the other, he or she keeps the.
The law limits the proportion of the estate that can be. Kin Groups. The extension of the family group generally is limited to first cousins. However, there are a growing number of family associations in the upper. Socialization. Child Rearing and Education. The values parents attempt to transmit to their children are honesty. Obedience and cleanliness are considered most important. Flanders and among workers, the unemployed, and shopkeepers; loyalty.
Wallonia; and independence and autonomy are. Brussels and among university graduates, executives. The trend, however, shows a weakening of. Flanders and socialist values in Wallonia. Since 1. 95. 6 all public and private schools have been supported by the. In theory, access to the best.
Children must remain in full- time education. Higher Education. In arts, business, teacher training, and nursing, higher education is. Education is federalized and is conducted.
Although language education in. The. Catholic University of Louvain and the Free University of Brussels are. Flemish and Francophone parts. State universities are located. A high percentage of young people enter higher.
Etiquette. There are not many interactions in the streets, as residential, working. Among young people, especially. Francophones. A stone bridge crossing a canal in Bruges. The north part of Belgium. Religion. Religious Beliefs. Catholicism is the main religious faith.
The government financially. Catholic and Protestant churches as well as the Jewish and. Muslim faiths. The Catholic Church controls an important network of. Religious beliefs and practice declined during the twentieth. Belgians believe in God. Many. people who say they do not believe in God take part in religious rituals.
Minority faiths. include Muslims, Jews, and Protestants. Medicine and Health Care. There is a modern health system with state, university, and private. Health insurance is mandatory and is paid for by employers. Self- employed people must have insurance for major risks and pay according. Secular Celebrations. Many important secular celebrations are linked to the ethnic identity of.
Flemish and the Francophones. Labor Day on 1 May and World War I. Armistice Day are national holidays. The National Day on 2. July. commemorates the taking of an oath of fidelity to the Constitution by the. Leopold I (1. 79. Mardi Gras is celebrated in.
The Arts and Humanities. Support for the Arts. Aspiring artists and musicians receive training in evening schools that. At the. postsecondary level, there are many state- supported conservatories and art.
An extensive network of art galleries supports avant- garde and. Museums in the main cities also support artists by. Literature. Sometimes it is denied that there is a Belgian literature, with only. Flemish and Walloon or French and Dutch writers who happen to be Belgian. However, authors such as Charles. A typical farm in West Flanders.
Livestock raising is the most. Belgian agriculture. Coster (1. 82. 7–1. Emile Verhaeren (1. French on Flemish themes. Another important Francophone writer.
Flanders was the symbolist Maurice Maeterlinck. The main. nineteenth- century Flemish writers were Hendrik Conscience and Guido. Gezelle. Flemish and Francophone writers contributed to important literary. Important. themes are the hardness of life, the questioning of the nature of reality. The distrust of. authority was present in one of the oldest Flemish tales, Reynard the Fox. Dating Relationships With Coworkers.
Graphic Arts. The golden age of graphic arts lasted from the fourteenth century to the. The Flemish. Primitives school of painting (fourteenth and fifteenth centuries) made. Europe outside of Italy. Artists. such as Jan Van Eyck (1. Rogier Van Der Weyden. The main. artistic figure of the next century was Pieter Breughel the Elder.
Pieter Paul Rubens (1. European sovereigns.
His main focus was. Rubens influenced Anthony Van Dyk (1. Jacob Jordaens (1. The graphic arts declined until the.
Social Etiquette in Belgium. When dining, the host makes a toast before anyone takes a sip of his own drink. When the host offers guests a drink, it is polite for guests to accept it; but guests should not ask for a drink. Traditionally, a host seats the guests, and spouses are not usually seated together, according to the website e. Diplomat. It is rude to place elbows on a table while dining; however, everyone is expected to keep their hands on the table instead of in their lap.
It is considered rude and wasteful, according to Vayama, to leave food on a plate when dining. When a person finishes his meal, it is customary to place the knife and fork on the lower right side of his plate, at the "5: 2.